In its 2013 manifesto PML-N had promised that after coming to power it would improve Pakistan’s role and performance in the United Nations and other international organizations.
The founder of Pakistan Muhammad Ali Jinnah had envisioned Pakistan to become a state that would have orderly and friendly relations with the international world. Jinnah wanted Pakistan to be a Muslim, liberal, democratic and modern nation-state. This naturally predisposed Jinnah to have close ties with democratic countries. During the Second World War, the Muslim League under Jinnah was all praises for the Allies for its stand against the Fascist powers. He appreciated the US for having ‘acted as a beacon of light and had in no small measure served to give inspiration to nations who like us were striving for independence and freedom from the shackles of foreign rule.’ He extended also extended warm words to the French ideals of liberty, fraternity and equality. The Soviet Union model of rapid economic progress and its foreign policy that opposed colonialism and imperialism failed to attract Jinnah because of the restrictions the system imposed on freedom and aiming at subverting other countries through the infusion of atheist ideologies. Foreign Minister Zafrullah Khan echoed the same thought saying Pakistan followed the principle of ‘Friendship towards all states, and is standing on the side of fairness and subject to that, to help and succour the weak.’ In a similar vain Jinnah had wanted cordial relations between India and Pakistan. Jinnah expressed the hope that ‘both the countries would adhere to the principles of equity and justice and build peaceful and cooperative relations to the mutual benefit of both their people.
The founding fathers of Pakistan have agreed in principle to support and uphold the universally recognized principles of international law codified in the Charter of United Nations. Nations irrespective of their strength, power, size, and ideology, adhere to these principles for the sake of preserving international peace and to promote cooperation among countries. Every nation needs a policy of integration and inclusiveness to be successful in the world comity. The success and failure of a country’s foreign policy determine its respect in the international scenario. Any system that leads to isolation becomes detrimental to the interests of, particularly middle and small powers.
Though in the initial days of its creation, Pakistan did not side either with the US or with the USSR, with the passage of time, the need to have the support of a stronger partner necessitated an alliance with the US. Pakistan has been a member of various international organizations ever since their founding. It became a member of the United Nations in 1948 and had ratified most of its resolutions and treaties. However, the country has failed to ratify many treaties and has been unsuccessful in following the spirit of many others.
Pakistan has since become a member of many international organizations.
For the promotion of economic and social progress, the world community has established some international agencies to facilitate International Corporation for economic development, expansion of trade, monetary stability and the provision of multilateral and bilateral assistance to developing countries.
World Bank was established to provide financial support for the reconstruction and development of war-shattered economies. Later it became the primary source of aid to developing countries.
International Monetary Funds
The International Monetary Fund was established to promote international monetary cooperation.
World Trade Organizations
The World Trade Organization play an increasingly important role in the promotion of fair and free trade based.
The South Asia Association for Regional Corporation was launched in Dacca in December 1985. Its charter excluded business until 1993. The progress of SAARC remained slow as the trade policies of each member country were at odds with each other.
Shanghai Corporation Organization
Pakistan remained as an observer state of SCO since 2005. It was in 2015 that the Heads of states in a meeting held in Ufa, Russia, in 2015 agreed to give Pakistan membership of the SCO.
The purpose of making SCO was to mainly focus on Military Corporation that involves intelligence sharing and counter-terrorism operation in Central Asia.
Truth Tracker contacted PML-N party worker and former advisor to the PM on foreign Affairs currently serving on the Planning Commission, Sartaj Aziz, to find out how much PML-N has managed to get Pakistan’s share from the multilateral diplomacy and what has been Pakistan’s performance at the United Nations.
Aziz sounded confident and said that Pakistan had been actively pursuing every issue raised in the United Nations General Assemblies and its other affiliated sub-committees. He stated that we had managed to take up the issue of Indian terrorism in Pakistan through its spy Kulbushan Yadav, which has reinforced our stance regarding Indian sponsored terror activities in Afghanistan reinforcing the need for attention from the international establishment. He said that our relations with the IMF had been good because of the process of loan dispensation and other formalities remained fluid.
“If you remember we had hosted SAAR and ECO summit last year though India had tried to make SAARC summit a failure, still we did not give in and went ahead with the plan. Pakistan is not an isolationist country we believe in integration. Our relations with all the Muslims, Western and Asian countries are cordial. Of course, Afghanistan is an issue, and we assisted the country to fight off various crisis situation in the past” said Aziz
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, Vice Chairman, Shah Mehmood Qureshi said that Pakistan had been weak on many international fronts. Our failure emanates from our inability to engage international media and lobbying firms to get the attention of the international community.
Over the years said Qureshi we had failed to defend against the allegation of both the US and India that Pakistan harbours terrorists. He added that we had been equally unsuccessful in highlighting Kashmir issue in any forum.
“Amid the prevailing situation at the international front, Pakistan foreign policy was devoid of multifaceted strategy.” If Pakistan keeps pursuing the same policy it will soon lose its credibility in the region, Qureshi added.
Syeda Abida Hussain, the former ambassador of Pakistan to the US said that the PML-N government has utterly failed to keep multi-diplomacy intact. She stated that this government priority has never been to keep its foreign policy in line with the ground realities at home. “Look at it there has been no foreign minister for more than four years, and now you have one who had been earlier the defence minister.” She further added that the government has been doing joke with the country by not internationalizing its terrorism issue that has been by now mostly solved but no one acknowledges us. Maliha Lodhi, our permanent representative at the United Nations, said Husain was enjoying an accommodative post and had failed to restore the image of Pakistan.
Pakistan Muslim League-N has failed to reboot the foreign policy elements that includes presenting and strengthening Pakistan’s case in the United Nations and other multilateral international organizations.