Kashmir issue has been the oldest unresolved issue on this planet. It may be called a political, economic, geographical, demographical, ideological, psychological, and legal issue but above all, it is a human issue. Since 1947 to date Kashmiris are suffering out of a political point-scoring on this issue. Human beings are suffering. Kashmiris are being killed, and deprived of their political, economic, geographical, ideological, educational and all other human rights. The valley is overcast with the bloodshed of innocent people.
Major Parties and Groups working in Kashmir
The Jammu and Kashmir Democratic Freedom Party (JKDFP) is a party that believes in self-rule for Jammu and Kashmir. Sabir Shah leads his party.
The Jammu and Kashmir People’s Democratic Party (PDP): It also supports the self-Rule in Jammu and Kashmir. Mufti Mohammed Sayeed leads this separatist party.
The All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC): it is an alliance of 26 socio-political and ideological organizations in Kashmir. The main objective of this alliance is to get control of Indian Occupied Kashmir and to uphold Sariah in the liberated Kashmir.
The Indian National Congress (INC): It is a center-left party of India and supports the Indian government policies on Kashmir.
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP): It is a center-right party in India. It has become authoritative in the government of Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India from 2014 to date. It believes in accession of Kashmir along with Pakistan’s Azad Kashmir and China’s Aksai Chin areas.
The Jammu and Kashmir National Conference Party (NCP): Sheikh Abdullah founded this party in 1939. His grandson, mar Abdullah leads the party at the moment. It calls for the solution of Kashmir according to the UN resolutions, known as a moderate separatist party.
Following are the groups that are working for the rights of the people in Jammu and Kashmir. These groups are named as per the perspective of all parties in the valley and outside the valley. India calls these groups as militants and Pakistan called these groups as liberators for the innocent people of Kashmir.
Jaish-e-Mohammed: It is allegedly an organization working in Kashmir with the support of Pakistan. This organization or group is mainly focused on the liberation of Kashmir from the atrocities of the Indian government. It believes in acceding Kashmir with Pakistan and to impose Sariah in the valley. Masood Azher is its chief and has been detained in Pakistan since 2002. It is also claimed that it is performing its activities in the IOK.
Hizb-ul-Mujahideen: It is an offshoot of Jamait-i-Islami Pakistan and working for the rights of the people in Jammu and Kashmir. Presently, Sayeed Salahudeen leads this group.
Lashkar-e-Taiba: Hafiz Mohammed Saeed is the chief of this group and resides in Pakistan. it has taken responsibility for the number of attacks in India like Red Fort attacks in 2000. India also blamed it for Mumbai attacks 2009. It is entirely different from all above-mentioned groups because it is predominantly non-Kashmiri people group. It is also banned in Pakistan since 2002.
Indian Border Security Forces (IBSF)
Indian border security forces which are supported with Indian army’s 500000 troops and increased with 100000 more army troops in the prevailing tense situation in Kashmir.
These are the forces working in Kashmir. Here is the demographic status of Kashmir that is pinching India at the moment.
Jamait-i-Islami leader in IOK, Abdul Hamid Fayaz, and Yasin Malik, leader of Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) wants independence from both India and Pakistan. But Abdul Gani Bhat from APHC wants the accession of Kashmir with Pakistan.
Demographic Status of Kashmir
Kashmir Valley has Muslim majority almost 96.4 %. Hindus are only 2.45 % followed by Sikhs as 0.98 %, and 0.17 % others. Therefore, the right of the majority of the people of Kashmir had better prevail. In 1949, including article 370 in the constitution was concerned with the autonomy of the Kashmir valley. In 1954, the Indian constitution added article 35-A gives Kashmir a special status and put imposition upon any non-Kashmiri to buy land or acquire any job in Kashmir.
Here question arises why the Indian government wishes to repeal only the article 370 and 35A? Since there are other articles which give special status to other eight states in India namely, Nagaland 371A, Assam 371B, Manipur 371C, Andhra 371D, Sikkim 371E, Mizoram 371G, Arunachal 371H, Goa 371I all enjoy special status and restrict the non-local people to buy land. Himachal Pradesh is another state in India where no one from outside can buy land in the state. The Indian government efforts to repeal article 370 and 35A is a clear-cut manifestation that it intends to change the demography of the Jammu and Kashmir. Demographical Imbalance through removing articles 370 and 35 A and separating Jammu from Kashmir a Hindu majority
Along with making Ladakh and Kashmir union territory for direct control from the center are such polices making Kashmir a nuclear flashpoint. Matter of the fact is that the Indian government is living in fool’s paradise if it intends to do so on the lines of Israel.
India –Israel Nexus
India is the largest buyer of arms from Israel, buying almost $ 1 billion dollars’ worth weapons every year. This is why Israel is supporting India on Kashmir. India needs to wake up as it has relived the Kashmir issue. The Indian effort to scrap the article of the constitution 370 and 35A integrated the Muslim community across the boundary even left-liberals in India are also supporting Kashmiri stance in the Indian Parliament. The opposition in the Indian parliament is clearly demonstrating the Modi government’s acts illegal and against the people of Kashmir. It not only snatches the freedom of Kashmiris but also pronounce the demise of so-called secular India.
Kashmir is not Palestine, and India is not Israel. Palestine is surrounded by the such Muslim States which are directly or indirectly under the influence of the west. In South Asia, Pakistan is a responsible nuclear state and knows how to protect its boundaries. Pakistan is a stakeholder and will respond to any change in the article 370 and 35A as it goes against the United Nations’ resolutions call for a plebiscite in Kashmir. Kashmir is a disputed territory and international organization the UN has warned India for inflicting atrocities upon innocent and unarmed Kashmiris. Antonio Goiters the UN Secretary-General said that Kashmir was a disputed territory, both Pakistan and India better had to resolve this issue bilaterally. All the international media also pronounces the Indian illegal act against the Kashmiri people. China and the US both called the Indian act of repealing article 370 against the will of Kashmiri people.
Pakistan’s successful Mantra Vs Modi’s Failed Mantra
Pakistan got success at the international level that failed PM Modi’s policy of isolating Pakistan at the international forum. One, Pakistan detained an Indian pilot in the consequence of a dog fight in February 2019. Later the Prime Minister of Pakistan Imran Khan released him in March as a goodwill gesture. Pakistan’s peaceful effort won the heart of the Indian people as well as of the world. Two, in Pakistan, won the case in the International Court of Justice(ICJ) against Kalbhushan Jhadav in July 2019. The ICJ impliedly explained that India committed state terrorism against Pakistan. It clearly proved Kalbhushan as an Indian Spy, really hurt India very deep. Pakistan’s increasing role in Afghanistan is disturbing for the Indian government. Pakistan is committed to open the Kartarpur corridor well before the 550th birth anniversary of Sikh Guru on November 23, 2019. In the last seven decades, it would be the first time that Indian Sikhs would have their pilgrimage with year-round visa-free access to Sikh pilgrims. Lastly, The U.S. explicit pronouncement on relying Pakistan for a safe exit from Afghanistan has exacerbated the situation for the Indian plans to isolate Pakistan at international level.
What Does Pakistan need to do?
Pakistan needs to get its economy on track. It will make Pakistan strong at the international level.
Kashmir can never be part of India because atrocities never win hearts but give way to vengeance. India needs to learn from two superpowers failures at international level. First, the former Soviet Union disintegrated in pursuing its wild goose chase in Afghanistan from 1979-1988 and result was the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. Second, the US waged a so-called war against terrorism proved a war for terrorism. Presently it is pleading for its safe exit from Afghanistan. Wars are not the solution to any conflict. Pakistan is a peaceful nation and giving time to India to take a deep breath and manage the conflict according to international norms and values. India needs to recall February 2019 dog fight with Pakistan air force and think a thousand times before committing any blunder. Pakistan has nothing to lose. India is already the most poverty-ridden country in the world. Its economy is better than Pakistan if tries its muscles in the region for regaining its lost hegemony. It will be an unforgettable venture for the government of India. Pakistan’s civilized behavior is according to international law, India needs to be prudential. Britishers liberated Pakistan and kept India under her slavery. India still believes in resolving matters through might. Might is always right when it helps the oppressor.
A Way Forward
Pakistan has to think about coer-peaceful bargaining, it is a composition of coercive and peaceful bargaining. Pakistan has to tell the outer world that UN, OIC and other human rights organization of the world are hesitating in assisting unarmed and innocent Kashmiris. They are dying out of hunger, no medicine and violent activities of the Indian army in the IOK. Indian army has killed almost 60000 innocent people in lieu of straight firing upon unarmed people in Kashmir and mob lynching at the hands of Hindu extremists in India. We believe that the Modi government needs to take pragmatic measures in Khalistan, Kashmir, and Nagaland where secessionist movements are at its peak. In 2020 Khalistan is going to observe a referendum for the independence of Sikhs in India. Therefore, Pakistan as an autonomous state has the right to be proactive to stop this violent, inhuman and illegal act of the Indian government as it is bypassing the UN resolutions and showing disrespect to humanity. We are obliged to take the responsibility to make the region peaceful by making intended surgical strikes in IOK to liberate the people of Kashmir from the Indian subjugation. In the absence of central authority in our neighbor, the anarchy is rising in the region. We as a responsible nuclear state need to manage the conflict peacefully. We admonish the World, the UN, and the Indian government. We are being obliged to take responsibility to rescue people from the oppressor. India needs to stop acting as brutal in Kashmir may force Pakistan to wage surgical strikes in Kashmir. The worst humanitarian crises after Yemen in Kashmir making it a nuclear flashpoint.
It is an oversimplification to say that we are losing Kashmir. I believe absolutely otherwise that India has lost Kashmir that is why it’s taking strict measures to get back its lost status. The freedom movement in Kashmir is in its last phase if not making any mistake. Pakistan has to be proactive in supporting Kashmir cause morally at international forums which are being done successfully. Kashmiris need to be more vigilant in keeping the ongoing pace regular. Kartarpur corridor opening is another Indian Achilles’ heel and success of Pakistani leadership. Therefore, disappointment is on the part of India we need not get disappointed anymore especially on Kashmir.
If we have to save the world from war industry we need to divide the world into smaller parts and units instead of larger continents as per Dabrowski’s Positive theory of disintegration, it will enhance more peace in the world.