Promise: PPP had ensured in its 2013 manifesto that when it came to power, it would treat education as a national emergency through effective planning. Background: Before going into the history of the state of education in Sindh, which is as horrid as one could expect, it seems pertinent to discuss the recent incidents of

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Promise: Pakistan Muslim League (N) had promised in its 2013 Manifesto that they would revamp the agriculture research organisations to ensure that there is a sustained increase in productivity. Background: Forty percent of Pakistan’s land is arable, yet the country has an underdeveloped agricultural sector. Although agricultural growth is not a prerequisite for a promising

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Promise: Pakistan People’s Party had promised in its 2013 manifesto that it would bring about constructive court reforms especially by introducing the Alternative Dispute Resolution mechanism and mobile courts, once it came to power. Background: The judicial system in Pakistan has been unpopular because of its tendency to dispense delayed justice. The same is true

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Promise: Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) had promised the nation in their 2013 manifesto that they would make the Pakistan International Airlines one of the best airlines in the region once it ascended to power. Background: PIA is a classic case of the failure of Public Ownership. Key reasons for this failure are political interference, excessive

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  Promise: Pakistan People’s Party had promised in its 2013 manifesto to ensure that women will be inducted in larger numbers to offset gender imbalances in the police force. Background: Women were brought into the police force through legislation passed in 1994.  Following the law, one police station was immediately established in Sindh and women police

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Promise Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) had promised in its 2013 manifesto that upon coming to power, they would make Pakistan Television an independent channel. Background Pakistan Television was established in 1964. It expanded quickly and by 1974, it was broadcasting from Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Peshawar and Quetta. Right from the beginning, PTV has been dubbed as

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Promise Pakistan People’s Party has promised in its 2013 manifesto about bringing the infant mortality rate down to 60 per cent. Background According to the Sindh Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014, the infant mortality rate in Sindh was recorded at 82 deaths per 1,000 lives birth (8.2 per cent). Sindh’s infant mortality rate was 81

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Promise: Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) had promised in its 2013 manifesto that when they will come to power, it will depoliticize sports. Background: Cricket and Hockey in Pakistan have been the most affected victims of politicization. After 70 years, 28 Chairmen and a host of controversies, Pakistan is still struggling to run cricket in a

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Promise : Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) had promised in their 2013 manifesto to form an independent National Accountability Commission after coming to power. Background: The National Accountability Bureau, the premier accountability agency established to try corrupt government officers and politicians was the brainchild of former President of Pakistan, General Pervez Musharraf.  He had justified his

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Promise : In its 2013 manifesto, the Pakistan People’s Party had promised to develop better systems and procedures for disaster management. Background: Until 2005—spanning almost 50 years—the country was satisfied with the ‘readiness’ capacity of its disaster management system to deal with natural calamities and man-made disaster of any magnitude.  In 2005, when 7.6 magnitudes

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